A virtual private server or VPS is the virtual bifurcation of resources dedicated servers between several users. So it is a blend of shared hosting and dedicated hosting services. A VPS hosting server has its own operating system, memory, storage, and IP address. A dedicated hosting server is completely dedicated to a single client with all its resources dedicated to a single user.
VPS Hosting Pros
More flexible, robust, and reliable with features like a dedicated server at a lower cost.
With dedicated resources, you also get root access.
You can reboot or shut down the VPS.
You can install custom applications.
VPS resources can be easily upgraded/ downgraded.
You can start with limited resources and gradually upgrade as your requirement increases.
VPS Hosting Cons
Costs more than Shared hosting and Reseller hosting
It is comparatively expensive than reseller and Linux shared hosting
Dedicated Server Pros
Full control over the server.
Dedicated server resources.
Greater power and speed when running resource-intensive websites.
Dedicated Server Cons
More expensive than shared and VPS hosting.
Linux Dedicated servers are not as scalable or flexible as VPS.
Management cost is on the higher side if compared to a VPS.
cPanel, Plesk, Webuzo control panel license cost is high.