Having a secure website is a prime concern for every website owner. While you can secure your website with all the plugins available, there are some easy tips as well that you can implement for ensuring good WordPress security. There are some instances where the security plugins conflict with the theme of your website or do not work as expected but you can remarkably pump up the security of your WordPress website without the use of any third party tools.
You can start implementing some best practices through WordPress admin and through your cPanel account. You can also ensure security by editing these configuration files : wp-config.php (for WP config) and .htaccess (for server config), these files are present in the public_html folder of your WordPress installation.
Why do you need to keep your WordPress site secured?
Website security is the foremost responsibility of its owner, whether it’s WordPress or not!
Do you know recently Google has blacklisted thousands of websites containing malware or any other vulnerabilities?
Let’s see why WordPress security is so important :
Generally, there’s a common belief among small business owner’s that site security is not a major issue for them. But, this is not the real case. Hacker’s don’t care how big or small the business is, if your website incorporates any kind of confidential information then it is hacking prone.
What can happen to your business if your WordPress site gets hacked?
First, of all, you will end up losing a lot of money. This is a critical thing because you would not want anyone to access your confidential information. Also, you need to ensure that you protect the site from any malicious software installation as far as possible. Your company’s reputation is in your hand. Thus, you need to find out how you can maintain its goodwill and to do so, website security is considered as an essential parameter.
In this digital era, your clients tend to visit your website first, before actually reaching out to you. Can you afford to represent unsecure website to your clients? Ofcourse not. The website helps to build a trust and a secured website denotes your care towards your clients, customers, stakeholders, etc. A secured website will always help to increase the profitability of your business.
Here are the tips that can be implemented for ensuring WordPress website security without using plugins :
Perform Updates Regularly
WordPress team analyses and addresses the security issues regularly. Whenever they come across vulnerability, they fix it. You will find bug fixes and security patches as updates in the section – Dashboard > Updates menu in the WordPress admin area. It is important to ensure that your website is updated on a regular basis. Your job is not over just after updating WordPress to the latest version, you must also pay attention to the plugins and themes you are using, if there is a new update available for them, update them. The plugin and theme authors also generally release the security updates when they are necessary.
Restrict User Privileges
Refrain from giving too many privileges to common users on your WordPress website. If there are multiple users on your website, they should only have the privileges that are necessary. WordPress provides an intelligent user management system with the following user roles:
Restrict admin privileges to yourself or only to the users who are responsible for performing the tasks like updating the WordPress version, updating the plugins, modifying the settings, monitoring comments, installing themes and making changes in the theme. You can easily change the roles of your existing users on the ‘Users’ admin page.
In order to make your WordPress website safer, analyze this table – ‘Roles and Capabilities’ present in WordPress Codex and decide which permissions are required for the users on your website. Do not grant admin privileges unless they are really required.
Do Not Use The Default ‘Admin’ Username
There are chances of becoming prey to cyber crime if you use the default word ‘admin’ as your username. Cyber criminals can create automated brute force attacks that generally target the admin user accounts. These are low quality attacks that are not created for some specific website, what they basically do is that they try to find the usernames with the default name ‘admin’.
All you have to do is change your admin username, you will have all the admin privileges but you have to change your username from ‘admin’ to something else. In this way, you won’t make it obvious that this is the admin user account and thereby there are less possibilities of your account getting compromised under brute force attacks. It is not easy to change the ‘admin’ username as WordPress does not permit the users to change their username through the admin area. You can change your username in the database! However the perfect solution for having a different admin username is to have a new username with admin privileges, when you create a new admin username, you can delete the old one and start using the new one.
Use Strong Passwords
This has become a highly known and common security measure for every website. Even through you know about it, have you implemented it yet? If not then change your password to a complicated one right away! Your password should have a combination of alphabets, numbers and special characters that cannot be guessed easily. Use of strong passwords is important to all the users but it is specifically important to the admin and high-level users.
When a new user is registered, a strong password is created by WordPress by default, but when the user registration is complete, the user can change it to a password they prefer which can be weak. It is highly important to set a strong password and if you think you can’t remember it, you can always use the password manager application.
Related : Resetting WordPress Admin Password
Export Your Content On A Regular Basis
It is important to safeguard your WordPress content. Backups are important as during some attacks, your website’s posts, pages, images and other content on your website might get compromised. You can either export your WordPress content through WordPress admin or you can create database backups. You can create a backup of your database through the cPanel control panel that is provided in your hosting account. Choose the File > Backups menu in your cPanel and download your SQL backup file. If anything goes wrong you can quickly restore your full database using the backup file.
All your content can be easily exported through Tools > Export menu present in the WordPress admin area. When you click on the ‘Download Export File’ button, WordPress creates an XML file that can be downloaded. Whenever required, you can easily reproduce your content by uploading it to the XML file resent in Tools > Import admin page.
Remove The Plugins And Themes That You Don’t Need
Generally, website owners install a lot of plugins which they might not need at a later point of time. The unused plugins and themes might at times hamper the security of your WordPress website. A large number of plugins and themes means more vulnerability of your website, it means that you are at a higher risk of getting hacked. Therefore make sure to only have the plugins and themes that you use and that are absolutely necessary. Deactivating the plugins is not a permanent solution, if you are not using a plugin or a theme, delete it completely. As you can use only one theme on your WordPress website, it does not make any sense to have more than one themes installed on your website. For enhanced WordPress security, it is important to delete the inactive plugins and themes.
Create Regular backups Of Your Database
Select a WordPress hosting plan that provides an option of creating backups of your WordPress website. If you opt for MilesWeb’s WordPress hosting plan, there is no way you will lose your website data as they provide a feature of daily backups. You can create backups for your WordPress website files, folders and databases through the automated daily cloud backup feature. The cloud backup software tracks each and every change made on your website on a daily basis through which you can revive all your website data whenever required.
Use The HTTPS Protocol
Even if you have a WordPress blog, it is important to secure your website by installing an SSL certificate. At times blog owners might think that an SSL certificate is not required for a blog website, but that’s not the case, you might be having subscribers on your website therefore it is necessary to secure your website. The users on your website should login through a secure SSL protocol. You can buy a suitable SSL certificate from your hosting provider. If you opt for WordPress hosting at MilesWeb, you are entitled to a free SSL certificate. When you buy an SSL certificate, you can either use the HTTPS protocol only for the admin area or for the complete website. It is advisable to use the HTTPS protocol for the complete website as even Google favors a secure and fast website.
Disallow Unfiltered HTML
WordPress enables the admins and editors of a website to post Java script and HTML markup inside of a <script> tag in pages, posts, widgets and comments. However, this can be harmful if any of the admin’s or editor’s account gets compromised. Therefore, you can filter the HTML markup or code posted by them by adding the rule mentioned below in the wp-config file:
define( ‘DISALLOW_UNFILTERED_HTML’, true );
Deny Access To Your .htaccess Files
It is possible to restrict unauthorized access to all your .htaccess files of your WordPress installation. Your .htaccess files comprise of Apache server configuration; however, they are available publically in the browser.
If you type this in your browser – http://yourwebsitename.com/.htaccess, you can see if your main .htaccess file can be accessed by everyone on the net. You will have to use the following .htaccess rule for protecting all your .htaccess files:
<Files ~ “^.*\.([Hh][Tt][Aa])”>
Deny from all
WordPress security without plugins concludes:
Implementing the best security practices will make your website safer and difficult to hack. You surely can install security plugins but you will be able to go a step ahead by implementing some useful security tricks.
Now let’s see the 7 Best WordPress Security Plugins.
Prior to diving into the important WordPress security plugins, let’s first check an example. Suppose you purchase a new house. This new investment though seems to excite you but requires a hefty down-payment, you’re most likely not used to spending. Additionally, you’re hit with inspection fees prior to buying. Next are the mortgage and insurance payments that are paid straight from your pocket.
Of course purchasing real estate is one of the best investments today, but that investment might burn your pockets.
For making such a huge investment (and something that could help you earn big bucks in the future,) won’t you protect it to the best of your ability?
Therefore, you buy insurance and consider setting up an alarm system or some security cameras. As per many experts, placing a security system sign on your door is important to scare away those who don’t want to take the risk.
This complete security is needed to secure the initial investment including the potential for that investment in the future.
Likewise you should think in the same way for your WordPress website.
When you start a blog, ecommerce website, or small business site, you need to invest for services and products like hosting, themes, plugins, and website development. Apart from this, you also need to invest in hiring a customer service reps or salespeople.
This initial investment made is enough to secure your website from the start. But significantly, you make sure that you remember to secure the potential money you’re going to make in the future.
WordPress core comprises of some security measures in place by default. But it’s similar to what a reputable security plugin does for you. For instance, the best WordPress security plugins offer the following things:
- Monitoring for active security
- Scanning files
- Scanning for malware
- Monitoring blacklist
- Strengthening security
- Actions after post-hack
- Securing against a brute force attack
- Notifications for when a security threat is detected
- Much more
So, let’s explore the 7 best WordPress security plugins to keep your website safe:
One of the most popular WordPress security plugins is Wordfence Security. This security plugin comes with simple and powerful protection tools, such as the robust login security features and the security incident recovery tools. Wordfence allows you to gain insight into overall traffic trends and hack attempts, which is one of the main advantages of it. The plugin is installed by more than 2 million people and is continuously gaining trust of millions of WordPress users globally.
Wordfence offers one of the more impressive free solutions, right from firewall blocks to brute force attacks protection. However, you can buy the premium version for your site which offers more features. If you as a developer signup for multiple site keys you get steep discounts. For instance, if you opt for 25 keys, the price gets reduced to for each site. So, you should consider Wordfence, if you’re developing multiple websites and want to protect them all.
Unique Features of WordFence Security
- Smaller sites can opt for the free version as it is powerful enough to secure such sites.
- Tons of money can be saved by the developers when they sign up for multiple site keys.
- It comprises of a full firewall suite with tools for country blocking, manual blocking, brute force protection, real-time threat defense, and a web application firewall.
- When the plugin scans the website it destroys the malware, real-time threats, and spam. It scans all the files for malware, instead of just WordPress files.
- The plugin keeps a track on the live traffic by looking at things like human visitors, Google crawl activity, logins and logouts, and bots.
- Users can gain access to some unique tools like the option to sign in with your cell phone and password auditing.
- With the comment spam filter, the need to install a separate plugin for this gets eliminated.
- The unsafe or hacked plugins are monitored by it to give a confirmation, if they have been removed from the WordPress plugin repository and are no longer being updated and have been abandoned.
Previously known as Better WP Security, the iThemes Security plugin is one of the more impressive ways to secure your website, with more than 30 offerings to stay away from hacks and unwanted intruders. It aims at recognizing plugin vulnerabilities, obsolete software, and weak passwords. This plugin offers more than 30 total security measures that make it highly valueable.
Unique Features of iThemes Security
- You get file change detection option, which is important from the webmasters’ point of view as they don’t notice when a file is messed with.
- The Google reCAPTCHA integration to your login adds an extra layer of protection.
- Your WordPress core files are compared with the current version of WordPress which further helps you to understand if anything malicious is placed in those files.
- Your WordPress salts and keys are updated for adding an extra layer of complexity to your authentication keys.
- The plugin offers an “Away Mode” which can be turned on when you’re not making constant updates to your site and want to completely lock your WordPress dashboard from all users.
- In addition, you also get other essentials like 404 detection, brute force protection, and strong password enforcement.
Both free and paid versions of the Sucuri Security plugin are available, yet the majority of websites get everything with the free plugin. For instance, for the website firewall you need to pay for a Sucuri plan, but not every webmaster requires that type of security.
In the free version, you get security activity auditing to check how well the plugin is protecting your website. It comprises of file integrity monitoring, blacklist monitoring, security notifications, and security hardening. With the premium plans you get customer service channels and more frequent scans. For instance, if you want a scan to be completed every 12 hours, you will need to pay a small amount of fee per month.
Unique Features of Sucuri Security
- You get multiple variations of SSL certificates for which you have to pay a certain fee, but it’s available in the packages.
- You can contact the customer service department via instant chat and email.
- If something goes wrong with your website, you receive instant notifications.
- You also get advanced DDoS protection with some plans.
- You get valuable tools for blacklist monitoring, malware scanning, file integrity monitoring, and security hardening even if you don’t pay money for them.
WP fail2ban delivers one important feature and that is protection from brute force attacks. The plugin offers a different outlook which many find as more effective as compared to that of some of the security suite plugins listed above. WP fail2ban records all login attempts, without considering their nature or successfulness, to the syslog using LOG_AUTH. You can implement a soft or hard ban, which stands unique from the more traditional approach of only choosing one.
You don’t need to know much about the configuration for the WP fail2ban plugin. In fact, you just need to install it and let it do work on its own. Additionally, the brute force security plugin is completely free so you don’t need to spend your money. Since the users give positive review for this plugin that it works flawlessly, it stands out from the other plugins.
Unique Features of WP fail2ban
- You can select between hard or soft blocks.
- It is possible to integrate with CloudFlare and proxy servers.
- You can log comments to prevent spam or malicious comments.
- It also logs information about spam, pingbacks, and user enumeration.
- It offers the option to create a shortcode that blocks users immediately prior to getting a chance to reach the login process.
All In One WP Security & Firewall
All In One WP Security & Firewall plugin is one of the most feature-packed free security plugins that offers a user-friendly interface and decent customer support without any premium plans. Being a highly visual security plugin it offers graphs and meters for explaining the metrics such as security strength and things that need to be done for strengthening your site to the beginners.
The features are categorized into three types: Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced. So, even if you are a beginner you can still take the advantage of this plugin. This plugins mainly works by securing your user account, blocking forceful attempts on your login and improving the security of user registration. The plugin also comes with database and file security.
Related: Common Reasons For Firewall IP Block
Unique Features of All In One WP Security & Firewall
- This plugin comprises of a blacklist tool which allows you to set certain requirements to block a user.
- It also allows you to backup .htaccess and .wp-config files. Additionally, you get a tool to restore them, if anything goes wrong.
- It displays one graph to mention how strong your website is and another graph that points to certain areas of your site. With this, the average user can visualize what’s going on with the site’s security.
- You get this plugin free without any upsells along the way.
If you are using WordPress, you might already know Jetpack and it is mainly because the plugin offers multiple features as it is developed by the people from WordPress.com. Jetpack comes with modules that help in building up your social media, site speed and spam protection. It offers so many features in Jetpack and so, it is surely worth exploring.
There are some security tools that are included with Jetpack too which make it an appealing plugin for budget savvy and those who depend on reputable solution. For example, the Protect module is offered for free and it helps in blocking suspicious activity. The basic security functionality from Jtepack also offers brute force attack protection and whitelisting.
So, the paid versions of Jetpack are highly powerful in terms of security. For example, the Personal plan comprises of malware scanning, scheduled website backups, and restoration if anything goes wrong. Moreover, the Professional plan comprises of on-demand malware scans and real-time backups for the ultimate protection.
Unique Features of Jetpack
- You get a decent amount of security for a small website with a free plan and later, you can upgrade to the reasonably priced premium plans that offer complete support and a plugin that’s one of the best on the market.
- With the premium plans, the plugin gets converted into more of a suite, with benefits like backups, spam protection, and security scanning.
- All the plugin updates are managed entirely via Jetpack.
- It also offers downtime monitoring.
- With Jetpack, you don’t feel the need for other plugins as it offers a complete package for website security. For example, it comprises features for email marketing, social media, site customization, and optimization.
SecuPress is a new security plugin in the market (previously released as freemium in 2016), but it’s the one that’s growing rapidly. It is developed by Julio Potier, one of the original co-founders of WP Media who develop WP Rocket and Imagify. There are both free and premium versions available which include a lot of additional features.
It has a great UI and easy to use interface and so, SecuPress is definitely the plugin that you shouldn’t miss to go for.
The free version includes features such as blocked IPs, anti-brute force login, and a firewall. Additionally, you also get protection of your security keys as well as a feature that blocks visits from bad bots (for which you usually need to pay in other security plugins).
For more features, you can buy their premium version. It includes additional features such as two-factor authentication, alerts and notifications, PHP malware scans, GeoIP blocking, and PDF reports.
Unique Features of SecuPress
- The UI of SecuPress makes it very easy to use, even for beginners.
- Additionally, the premium version also adds a lot of value. It offers 35 security points to check in 5 minutes and a complete report, and then hardens your WordPress site.
- Moreover, you can change your WordPress login URL so that the bots can’t find it.
- You can even detect themes and plugins that are vulnerable or that have been altered to include malicious code.
Which WordPress Security Tip is the Best for You?
After going through the best WordPress security tips, you might have found that each of the tip has one or the other feature that makes it stand out. Depending on your security requirements, you can select one of the tips, with or without plugin and secure your WordPress website from the bad guys on the internet.